Four Chinese irrigation projects granted world heritage status
The Weirs of Baishaxi Stream Project (Photo/provided to Xinhua by Chinese National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage)
Four ancient Chinese irrigation sites were honored as World Heritage Irrigation Structures (WHIS) on Tuesday, according to the Ministry of Water Resources.
Granted by the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), the inclusion of the four irrigation projects has brought the total number of Chinese irrigation projects on the list to 23.
The Tianbao Weir, one of the newly awarded projects, is located in Fujian Province. With a history of over 1,200 years, the weir is the oldest extant water project specifically aimed at barring saltwater and storing freshwater.
The Longshou Canal and Ancient Luohe River Irrigation District in Shaanxi Province is said to involve the first underground canal in China's history, making use of the shaft-tunnel method.
The canal helps divert water from the Luohe River, a major tributary of the Yellow River, providing irrigation to local farms in the face of drought and water shortages.
The Weirs of Baishaxi Stream Project in east China's Zhejiang Province comprises 36 weirs, 21 of which are still providing water for irrigation. The weir complex covers 45 km of the Baishaxi Stream and has a total water-level drop of 168 meters.
The Sangyuanwei Polder Embankment System is situated in southern China's Guangdong Province, with construction starting in the 10th Century. The embankment extends for 64.8 km and the system provides irrigation, drainage canals and water pathways.
Besides the four Chinese projects, 10 irrigation projects from five countries, including India, Iran, Japan, the Republic of Korea and South Africa, were also honored this year.
Established in 1950, the ICID is an international organization aimed at boosting scientific and technological exchange on irrigation, drainage and flood control.
The WHIS award, set up by the ICID in 2014, aims to protect and promote irrigation projects of historical value and their scientific experience. So far, 105 ancient irrigation projects around the world have been enlisted.
Chen Mingzhong, an official with the ministry, said the ancient irrigation projects are treasures of China's water-culture development, as well as being of great value to the development of irrigation agriculture in China.